Determination of standard cephalometric parameters using the Downs method for Ukrainian adolescents
The difference in the characteristics of craniofacial structures in different races and ethnicities established in many studies requires the creation of a normative basis for teleroentgenographic indices and indices characteristic for a particular ethnic group. The purpose of the work is to set the cephalometric parameters by W. Downs for young men and women from Podillya region of Ukraine with orthognathic bite and compare the results with the data proposed by the author of the technique. With the device Veraviewepocs 3D device, Morita (Japan), 38 young men (17 to 21 years of age) and 55 young women (aged from 16 to 20 years) with orthognathic bite (normal occlusion close to orthognathic bite) received and analyzed lateral teleroentgenograms. Cephalometric points and measurements were performed in accordance with the recommendations of W. Downs (1948). Anatomical points were determined taking into account recommendations A.E. Athanasiou (1997), S.I. Doroshenko and Y.A. Kulginsky (2007). The statistical processing of the obtained results was carried out in the licensed package “Statistica 6.0” using nonparametric methods for evaluating the obtained results. As a result of the research, virtually no sex differences in cephalometric parameters by W. Downs between adolescents from Podillya with orthognathic bite were found. When comparing the cephalometric parameters obtained by W. Downs from similar figures obtained in Ukrainian young men and women with orthognathic bite, regardless of gender, established significantly lower values of Cant Occlusal Plane (angle POr-DOP) and angle II, as well as significantly higher values were established for angle 1l-DOP, angle 1l-MeGo and distance 1u-APog in Ukrainian young men and women of Podillya. The obtained results indicate the need to create a normative base for cephalometric standards by W. Downs for the population of different regions of Ukraine, taking into account gender and age belonging.
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