Leading factors wich influence the features of the course of the psychophysiological adaptation of students of modern medical education in the dynamics of educational year, and their complex assessment
The assessment of the peculiarities of the processes of psychophysiological adaptation of students involves the implementation of a comprehensive analysis of a number of indicators of the functional state of the organism and of the personality traits of girls and youth on the basis of the application of methods of statistical analysis, one of the main tools of which is factor analysis. The aim of the work is to determine the leading factors influencing the peculiarities of the course of psychophysiological adaptation of students of modern institutions of higher medical education in the dynamics of the academic year. Determination of the level of development of psychophysiological functions of students was carried out with the use of the licensed computer complex “Efecton Studio”, peculiarities of the person were evaluated on the basis of psychodiagnostic studies, statistical processing of the received materials was carried out using a package of programs of multidimensional statistical analysis “Statistica 6.1” on the basic procedures of factor analysis. It is determined that as the main factors in the analysis of the physiologically-determined correlates of the success of the processes of psychophysiological adaptation, the following factors should be noted: “peculiarities of dynamic efficiency” and “peculiarities of the balance of nervous processes”, as well as at the beginning of the training time, the factor “peculiarities of mobility of nerve processes” and in the end it is a factor “the peculiarities of the mobility of the nervous processes and the speed of the visual-motor reactions”. The main factors that were identified during the analysis of the mentally-determined correlates of the success of the processes of psycho-physiological adaptation are the following factors: “features of temperament and anxiety”, “features of character properties”, “features of the level of subjective control of personality”, “peculiarities aggressive manifestations of personality”, as well as “features of emotional burnout”, which at the beginning of the training period was associated with a number of features of the mechanisms of psychological protection, at the end of it – with a number of features asthenic and depressive states.
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