Features of the thyroid gland structural components remodeling in the toxemia stage after experimental thermal injury
Thermal injury causes severe structural and metabolic disturbances not only of the skin itself, but also of all organs and systems of the affected organism, is a manifestation of a complex symptom complex - a burn disease. Of particular importance in patients with burns are changes in the endocrine system. The aim of the study was to establish the microscopic and electron-microscopic reorganization of the components of the thyroid gland of animals after thermal damage on 14 day after experimental thermal injury. A III degree burn was applied under ketamine anesthesia with copper plates heated in boiled water to a temperature of 97-100°C. The size of the lesion area was 18-20% of the epilated surface of the body of rats. An experimental study of the structural components of the thyroid gland after a burn injury was performed on laboratory white male rats weighing 160-180 g. Rats euthanasia was performed after ketamine anesthesia by decapitation. In the experiment, the study of the microscopic and submicroscopic state of the follicles and hemocapillaries of the thyroid gland after thermal injury of the III degree. It has been established that in the toxemia stage after the application of the burn injury on 14 day (late toxemia stage), significant destructive and degenerative changes are found in the thyrocytes of the wall of the follicles and hemocapillaries, the organ acquires a macrofollicular structure. The height of thyrocytes decreases, the nuclei and organelles of cytoplasm are significantly damaged, the number and height of microvilli on their apical surface decreases, which negatively affects the cell's secretory cycle and transcapillary organ metabolic processes. The established destructive changes in the blood capillaries and thyrocytes of the follicles are the morphological manifestation of the suppression of the secretory activity of the thyroid gland during thermal injury and corresponds to the hypofunctional state of the organ.
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