Signs of palmar dermatoglyphics as markers of atopic diseases
The family character of atopic conditions, confirmed by many studies, has become the basis for the use of the method of dermatoglyphics to clarify the genetic nature of the “atopic march”. The purpose of the study was to identify differences in the features of palmar dermatoglyphics between patients with atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma. Primary indexes of palmar dermatoglyphics of young men and young women patients with atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma were taken from the data bank of the research center of National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya. According to the method of Cummins H. and Midlo Ch. dermatoglyphic study of 320 young men and young women with allergic rhinitis (n = 69), bronchial asthma (n = 108) and atopic dermatitis (n = 143) was performed. Quantitative indices of palmar dermatoglyphics were subject to analysis. The results obtained were processed using the Statistica 6.1 license package using non-parametric methods. It is established that the differences of quantitative indices of palmar dermatoglyphics between young men / young women with atopic dermatitis and allergic rhinitis cover 50.0% / 66.67%; among patients with atopic dermatitis and bronchial asthma – 38.89% / 33.33%; among patients with allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma – 22.22% / 55.56% respectively. Thus, in young men, the marker potential for signs of palmar dermatoglyphics in the prognosis for the development of bronchial asthma in the presence of allergic rhinitis (22.22%) or atopic dermatitis (38.89%) are insignificant compared with the prognosis for the development of allergic rhinitis in the presence of atopic dermatitis (50.0%). In young women, the marker features of palmar dermatoglyphics in the prognosis for the development of bronchial asthma in the presence of atopic dermatitis are insignificant (33.33%) compared with the prognosis for the development of bronchial asthma in the presence of allergic rhinitis (55.56%) and the prognosis for the development of allergic rhinitis (66.67%).
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