Fractal dimension of external linear contour of human cerebellum (magnetic resonance imaging study)
Fractal analysis is a method of mathematical analysis, which provides quantitative assessment of the spatial configuration complexity of the anatomical structures and may be used as a morphometric method. The purpose of the study was to determine the values of the fractal dimension of the outer linear contour of human cerebellum by studying the magnetic resonance images of the brain using the authors’ modification of the caliper method and compare to the values determined using the box counting method. Brain magnetic resonance images of 30 relatively healthy persons aged 18-30 years (15 men and 15 women) were used in the study. T2-weighted digital magnetic resonance images were studied. The midsagittal MR sections of the cerebellar vermis were investigated. The caliper method in the author’s modification was used for fractal analysis. The average value of the fractal dimension of the linear contour of the cerebellum, determined using the caliper method, was 1.513±0.008 (1.432÷1.600). The average value of the fractal dimension of the linear contour of the cerebellum, determined using the box counting method, was 1.530±0.010 (1.427÷1.647). The average value of the fractal dimension of the cerebellar tissue as a whole, determined using the box counting method, was 1.760±0.006 (1.674÷1.837). The values of the fractal dimension of the outer linear contour of the cerebellum, determined using the caliper method and the box counting method were not statistically significantly different. Therefore, both methods can be used for fractal analysis of the linear contour of the cerebellum. Fractal analysis of the outer linear contour of the cerebellum allows to quantify the complexity of the spatial configuration of the outer surface of the cerebellum, which is difficult to estimate using traditional morphometric methods. The data obtained from this study and the methodology of the caliper method of fractal analysis in the author’s modification can be used for morphometric investigations of the human cerebellum in morphological studies, as well as in assessment of cerebellar MR images for diagnostic purposes.
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