Effect of exogenous melatonin and flaxseed oil on the expression state of MT1 receptors in rat skin under light deprivation

  • I.S. Sobolevskaya Vitebsk State Order of Friendship of Peoples Medical University, Vitebsk, Belarus
  • M.I. Krasnobaeva Vitebsk State Order of Friendship of Peoples Medical University, Vitebsk, Belarus
  • O.D. Myadelets Vitebsk State Order of Friendship of Peoples Medical University, Vitebsk, Belarus
Keywords: melatonin MT1 receptors, epidermis, sebaceous glands, hair follicles, melatonin, flaxseed oil, light deprivation.


Most of the skin cells have their own autonomous functional circadian system, which is able to control physiological and biochemical processes in the general integument. A special role in these processes is assigned to the “clock” hormone of the pineal gland, melatonin, which acts on target cells through specific receptors (MT1, MT2, MT3 and RORα). Any disturbance of circadian rhythms can lead to rearrangements (disturbances) in the receptor apparatus of the cells of the general cover, which require a certain correction. Consequently, there is a need to search for effective and reliable drugs that will prevent the negative consequences caused by chronodestruction. In the present work, we studied the effectiveness of the effect of exogenous melatonin and flaxseed oil on the expression of MT1 receptors in the general coat of rats under light deprivation. An experimental study was carried out on 130 white outbred male rats (170-220 g), which were randomly divided into 5 groups: intact, light deprivation animals, light deprivation animals, which were injected intragastrically with flaxseed oil and melatonin. On days 7, 14 and 21, histological material was taken (fragments of the skin of the interscapular region of the back). For immunohistochemical studies, serial sections were stained using MTNR1A polyclonal antibodies. For morphometric data analysis, the Image Scope Color and ImageJ computer programs were used. All statistical data processing was performed using the Statistica 10.0 software. Differences were considered significant at a significance level of less than 0.01 (p <0.01). In the course of the experiment, it was found that light deprivation contributes to a change in the activity of expression of the MT1 melatonin receptors in the epidermis, sebaceous glands and hair follicles. Studies have shown that the administration of flaxseed oil, melatonin, and their combination to rats with desynchronosis is accompanied by the leveling of the adverse effect of desynchronosis on the studied parameters of MT1 receptors. The most pronounced corrective effect on the expression of MT1 receptors is observed with the introduction of exogenous melatonin on the 21st day of the experiment.


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How to Cite
Sobolevskaya, I., Krasnobaeva, M., & Myadelets, O. (2021). Effect of exogenous melatonin and flaxseed oil on the expression state of MT1 receptors in rat skin under light deprivation. Reports of Morphology, 27(2), 30-38. https://doi.org/10.31393/morphology-journal-2021-27(2)-05