Comparative characteristics of changes in central hemodynamics during early recovery after different exercise regimes

  • H.V. Lukyantseva National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • O.M. Bakunovsky National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • S.S. Malyuga National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • T.M. Oliinyk National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • N.R. Manchenko National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Y.R. Manchenko National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • D.O. Korolyova National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport, Kyiv, Ukraine
Keywords: cardiovascular system, dynamic loading, static loading, recovery.


The cardiovascular system is one of the most important functional systems of the body, which determine the level of physical performance of the body. Insufficient study of the response of the circulatory system to the combination of strength training with endurance exercises requires more detailed comparative studies of the impact of dynamic and static loads on the indicators of central hemodynamics. Accordingly, the aim of our study was to study the characteristics of the reaction of the cardiovascular system in the period of early recovery after dosed exercise of a dynamic and static nature. The study examined the response of the central hemodynamics of young men in the period of early recovery after dynamic loading (Martine functional test) and static loading (holding on the stand dynamometer DS-200 force with a power of 50% of maximum standing force). The change in circulatory system parameters was recorded using a tetrapolar thoracic impedance rheoplethysmogram on a computerized diagnostic complex “Cardio +”. It is established that the dynamic load in the period of early recovery does not cause a significant positive chronotropic effect, leads to a decrease in vascular resistance of blood flow, to an increase in pulse blood pressure. The increase in cardiac output is mainly due to the increase in stroke volume, which indicates a fairly high functional reserves of the heart. It is revealed that under conditions of static loading the reaction of central hemodynamics and the course of early recovery are radically different from the changes of indicators under dynamic loading. In persons with a normodynamic type of reaction to dynamic load, there are no significant changes in the minute volume of blood at a similar volume of active muscle mass static load. Meeting the metabolic needs of working skeletal muscles and compensating for the oxygen debt is realized by increasing the total peripheral vascular resistance and increasing systolic blood pressure in the postpartum period. The physiological meaning of this phenomenon is to maintain a sufficient level of venous return of blood to ensure the pumping function of the heart.


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How to Cite
Lukyantseva, H., Bakunovsky, O., Malyuga, S., Oliinyk, T., Manchenko, N., Manchenko, Y., & Korolyova, D. (2021). Comparative characteristics of changes in central hemodynamics during early recovery after different exercise regimes. Reports of Morphology, 27(2), 47-52.