Modern views on the factors of development of chronic colostasis in children and their complications
Chronic infringements of colonic transit is a clinical complex of pathological changes in the functions of the colon of polyetiological and heterogeneous origin. They are characterized by a slowed and complicated defecation, an increase of the intervals between acts of defecation in comparison with the individual norm, systematic or temporary incomplete evacuation of fecal mass which requires additional effort, with allocation of an insignificant amount (less than 35 g per day) of fragmented stool of a solid consistency more than during 3 months. Most of the surgical pathology of childhood is congenital malformations, caused by embryonic or fetal developmental disorders, which include a large group of diseases and produce violations of colonic transit in children. In children with chronic constipation, there are significant disorders in the immune defense and hemostasis system, distortion of the acid- base state. Violation of colonic transit in children has its complications, which affect the health status at the local and general levels.